Iraqi MPs reach agreement on new electoral law

Iraqi lawmakers reached agreement on Sunday on a new version of a stalled electoral law, paving the way for polls early next year, the deputy speaker of parliament Khalid al-Attiya told AFP.

“An agreement has been reached and MPs will vote on the text of the law shortly,” Attiya said before an emergency session to put it to the vote.

Approval of a new draft of the law sidesteps a veto that Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi had threatened, and comes late in the evening after a marathon emergency session of parliament.

Hashemi had torpedoed a previous version of the law last month, leading to further negotiations and delaying already late elections.

According to parliament deputy speaker Khalid al-Attiya, the law will expand parliament from 275 seats to 325, 310 of which will be allotted to Iraq’s 18 provinces, with the remainder reserved for religious minorities and blocs that garnered national support but did not win seats in individual provinces.

It is a revised version of the first draft of the election law, with three additional seats for provinces in northern Iraq’s autonomous region of Kurdistan, and one fewer reserved seat.

Kurdish parties expressed concerns that their seat allocations had not risen above the 2005 figures, while predominantly Sunni and Shiite provinces had seen increases, a parliamentary official said, speaking on condition of anonymity.

The official told AFP that UN and US diplomats lobbied MPs over the weekend to come to an agreement on the law, which has been debated by lawmakers for more than two months.

No definitive election date has yet been set. The polls originally scheduled for January 16 have been delayed because of the failure by MPs to agree on the new law.

The United Nations on Wednesday proposed February 27 as the most “feasible” date for parliamentary elections, nearly a month later than the deadline set by the constitution.

Parliament speaker Iyad al-Samarrai has said the election could be delayed to as late as March.

In principle, the constitution requires that the poll, the second since a US-led invasion ousted dictator Saddam Hussein in 2003, be held by the end of January.

A law had initially been passed on November 8 but Hashemi, a Sunni, vetoed it 10 days later, citing a lack of representation for Iraqi exiles, the vast majority of whom are Sunnis.

MPs subsequently passed a second version, which Hashemi threatened to veto, that upped the number of seats for Kurds but reduced that figure for Sunnis, leading to the protracted negotiations that concluded on Sunday evening.

American diplomats have pushed MPs to pass the law, with Washington seeking to avoid delays to the planned pullout of tens of thousands of its troops from Iraq in 2010.

The United States has 115,000 soldiers in Iraq, but that figure will drop markedly next year as all of its combat troops are pulled out before a complete withdrawal by the end of 2011.


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