Mozambique: Anomalous Results in Gaza and Tete

The vast majority of polling station results from Wednesday’s general election, reported by AIM, Radio Mozambique and other local media, are clean, and above board – but they are a few which raise suspicions.


For example, the first few polling stations reported from Chicualacuala district, in the southern province of Gaza gave an extraordinary result of 3,218 votes for the incumbent president, Armando Guebuza, and none at all for either of his two opponents, Afonso Dhlakama, leader of the former rebel movement Renamo, and Daviz Simango of the Mozambique Democratic Movement (MDM).

When one candidate receives 100 per cent of the vote in not one, but several polling stations, credibility is severely strained. All of Gaza is certainly a Frelimo stronghold, and thus a heavy Guebuza vote would be expected in Chicualacuala. But no opposition votes at all means not only no opposition supporters, but no voters who make mistakes and put their crosses in the wrong place (because of such factors as illiteracy and poor eyesight).

As the radio acquired information from more polling stations in Chicualacuala, so the credibility of the results improved somewhat. With results in from 32 of the 33 Chicualacuala polling station, the figures for the presidential candidates were:


Armando Guebuza (Frelimo): 17,394 Daviz Simango (MDM): 44 Afonso Dhlakama (Renamo): 9

A further suspicious result came from Magoe district, in the western province of Tete. On Thursday morning, Radio Mozambique reported the presidential result from an unspecified number of Magoe polling stations as:

Armando Guebuza (Frelimo): 4,998 Daviz Simango (MDM): 2 Afonso Dhlakama (Renamo): 1

By mid-afternoon, the radio had results from 15 Magoe polling stations. They were:

Armando Guebuza (Frelimo): 12,452 Daviz Simango (MDM): 51 Afonso Dhlakama (Renamo): 54

This is an extraordinarily large number of voters for just 15 polling stations. No polling station is allowed to have more than 1,000 registered voters. So at most there were 15,000 voters registered at these stations. The figures given indicate a turnout of 84 per cent (and even more, if the number of registered voters in these stations is less than 15,000). But the average turnout in Wednesday’s election is less than 50 per cent.

Inevitably, this recalls the fraud in Tete in the 2004 elections, when dozens of polling stations reported an impossible turnout of 100 per cent (or more than 100 per cent), with the vast majority of the vote going to Frelimo and Guebuza. Nobody was ever arrested for this blatant rigging.

The worst fraud in 2004 took place in the Tete district of Changara, but so far Radio Mozambique has not reported any Changara results.



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